August RSS Feed. Shivratri is an auspicious night of Lord Shiva. Chamakam is a Vedic chant which contains eleven stanzas Paragraphs of prayers for obtaining ultimate material and spiritual blessings.
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Srinivasan 1. When you look at the Lingam, your mind is at once elevated and you begin to think of the Lord. The word Lingam is derived from the two Sanskrit words laya dissolution and agaman re-creation. Thus, shivalinga symbolizes that entity in which the creation merges at the time of dissolution and out of which the universe reappears at the beginning of the new cycle of creation.
One of the 64 manifestations of Shiva - the man-woman form with Parvati constituting the left half of Shiva is Ardhanareeswara. This is a much-hailed form in scriptures of various languages. Mother Shakthi once propitiated Lord Shiva with such fervent intensity that she be part of him in body and mind. Her pleased husband through his divine powers granted her this wish.
The Master then absorbed her in half of himself and thus was created the half-man half-woman aspect of Lord Shiva, symbolizing the oneness of all beings. One can state that even In Gender definition, this aspect became the fundamental root of Advaitha. This fusion of Shiva and Shakthi representing the male and female halves transcends the distinction between and limitation of male and female and takes the Lord to the level of beyond-gender manifest Brahman, realization of which means liberation.
Shakthi part is golden, while Shiva part is snow-white. She is substrate and He is substance. Shiva is static; Shakthi is dynamic and creative. Shiva is Being and Shakthi is Becoming. When it comes to worship of Ardhanareeswara, some worship the Shiva aspect and some worship the Shakthi aspect. Shiva is viewed as the Holder of Power, though he is inert. Shiva is Shava dead body without Shakthi. All that power in creation, maintenance, and dissolution rests with Shakthi.
But the Great Mother does not exist without Shiva. When they become one, Ardhanareeswara becomes, a being of generative and constructive force. Philosophically, this form portrays the boundless Grace of God. The formless God is called parashiva. On Its own free-will for the benefit of pashus souls , which are drowned in pAsha bondage , It thinks to create the worlds.
Its dynamism of creation thus springs out of It, which is called Shakthi. Now Shiva and Its power Shakthi create everything. This is the form of their togetherness that makes every existence active. Shiva and Shakthi are one and the same Supreme may also act independently. They are associated like the person and the action of the person. They are one and the same like the ice and the water - one becomes the other. Poet Kalidasa hails them as inseparable like the word and its meaning, the letter and pronunciation!!
Whether it is the western theory of creation, that of Adam and Eve, or the Indian concept of Purusha and Prakriti, the very core of civilization stems from the concept of the union of the male and the female. Shiva and Shakthi are compared to gold and gold ornaments; they are same; Shiva is hypostasis and when this force fuses with Shakthi results in multitude of manifestations.
Legends: We find many references in our ancient puranas, regarding the origin of this Supreme form. Brahma the creator of the universe, crafted the cosmos as per the divine instruction. He made all the living beings and yet could not find any development.
The beautiful world remained lifeless without any expansion. The maker was very much worried. A heavenly voice instructed him to commence creation with the help of copulative activities. But Brahma was finding it impossible since all the forms had been inert males till then.
At this instance the supreme form of Ardhanareeshwara manifested. Brahma contemplated on this form of Shiva - Shakti. The Lord became very pleased with him revealed his Ardhanari form- Left side of his body resembled like a woman while the right side appeared like a man.
Lord Brahma worshipped this form of Shiva and the Lord then separated the feminine part of his body and thus manifested mother Shakti.
Lord Brahma worshipped her and requested to bestow such power by which he could create a woman. Goddess Shakti blessed him by saying - 'So be it' and vanished. This way Lord Brahma became capable of commencing copulative creation.
It was only then that Brahma realized his mistake and created a woman, and Srishti or creation began. In another episode, Goddess Umadevi once playfully closed the eyes of her beloved, which plunged the world into darkness.
All living beings suffered in the dark. The universal mother felt for her folly and separated herself from her companion. Mother started worshipping Lord Shiva in the form of Linga to absolve herself of this sin and to reunite with him.
When she reached Kancheepuram, Lord Shiva ordered her to proceed to Thiruvannamalai and do her penance. A demon called Makishasuran disturbed the penance of Mother Parvathi. The Mother took the form of goddess Durga Devi and destroyed him on the full moon day of the Tamil Month of Karthigai during the auspicious period of pradosham. Lord Shiva presented himself in the form of Fire atop the hill and merged Goddess Parvathi on the left half of his body. This day of Supreme merger is celebrated as Karthigai Deepam.
To commemorate this event, every year during the festival of Annamalai Deepam, Lord Arthanareeswaramurthi presents himself as Jyothi Swaroopa to his devotees. Another famous anecdote of Ardhanareeshwra is related to Sage Bringi. Sage Bringi was one of the ardent devotees of Lord Shiva who considered that Shiva grace is the ultimate source for existence. He was a violent votary of Lord Shiva to the exclusion of any deity in the worship including Parvathi!
He refused to worship Shakthi, a woman. Even during his daily worship, he would circumbulate only the Lord ignoring Mother Shakthi, with a flashing spark of arrogance.
The divine couple wanted to enlighten the sage and hence assumed this unique form sharing his body with Parvathi. The couple took the form of Ardhanareeshwara and stood unified inseparable to every atom. Even then the egoistic sage took the form of a bee Bringa in Sanskrit stands for Bee and the sage came to be called Bhringi.
In every human body the static force of Shiva constituted the bone and the skin and the dynamic force of Shakthi triggered the blood and flesh. Goddess Shakti, being the power as the name indicates, pulled out her energy from Bringi's body.
Now he was a mere skeleton and was even unable to stand. The Lord pacified Parvathi and gave the sage one more leg to stand. The sage soon realized his folly and understood that life becomes dynamic only by the blending of both grace and force which are not contradictory but complementary to each other. At this point, instead of getting deeper into the analysis of the beliefs of different Schools on Saivism [one can read the writings of Swami Tapasyananda, RK Mutt, for greater details], going to the basics of Advaitic Philosophy of AdiSankara, the following leads to Ardhanareeswara.
The Supreme Reality is non-dual, having within it, a distinction between Shiva and Sakthi — the Power holder and Power- described as Being and will. Thus though they are one in principal, in practice they are treated as distinct. Thus it ca be said, Shiva Lingam encompass both the aspects and become the Root of Ardhanareeswara. Ardhanareeshwara stands for a profound philosophic truth that the female and the male are complementary to each other and it is their combination, the blending of grace and force that contributes to the creation of life.
The serene Kumudakriya raga and its flow in the kriti Ardhanaareeswaram By Muthuswamy Deeshidar, provides the appropriate background for a narration describing Tiruchengode and the shrine to the Ardhanareeswara form of Shiva - a shrine where the last puja of the night is of special significance.
This song by itself is easily understandable for its inner meaning, - more specifically the charanam in praise of the Lord. As examples the author would like to site only two songs: The song Thiagarajayogavaibhavam in AnandaBairavi tatvaswarupa prakasam sakala tatva swaupa prakasam sivasakthyaadi sakala tatva swarupa prakasam the teacher of the nature of philosophical truth tatvaswarupa praksam , known by all the different religions sakala tatvaswarupa prakasam , and in the form of Siva and Sakthi potential energy and active power which is the basis of every thing.
The 2nd song is the Neelayadakshi in Neelambari. To summarize subtly for the understanding of the layman about Shiva: He' Paarvathee Hrudhayavallaba Chandramoule' Boodhaathiba Pramadhanaadha Girisavaasa He' Vaamadhe'va bhavarudhra Pinaakapaane' Samsaaradh:ukkaka Hanaath Jadheesa Raksha The concept of the Hindu Trinity, establishing Brahma as the creator, Vishnu as the preserver and Siva as the destroyer was taught to the simple peasants by the Rishis. Shiva is sometimes depicted as fiercefull god with terrifying weapons and frightening face.
In fact Shiva is not at all firecefull or frightening and this fact can be understood while we have an in-depth study of Vedas and Upanishads. Shiva is very merciful and loving in nature. He always gives his devotees whatever is asked for.
He is the one who gave immense powers to Ravana, Surapadma, Tharasura and many more assuras. He is muscular while fighting with evils and that is why he is called the Destroyer of evils.
He is feminine while gracing his devotees with love and that is why he is called Thaummanavar. He is the male and He is the female. He is the Shiva and he is the Sakthi. Without Shiva there is no Sakthi and without Sakthi there is no Shiva. The Shivaskathi Concept is enshrined in Ardanareeswar where we can see our mother in the left and our father in the right. An iconographical and textual depiction of Siva, which epitomizes this dynamic most powerfully, is through the figure of Ardhanareeswara.
The male hormone Testosterone in women and the female hormone Estrogen in men testify to the fact that characteristics of both sexes are present in each one of us. The production of these in our bodies keeps our personalities and our bodies in balance. The differences are brought together in the beautifully conceived anthropomorphic form of Ardhanareeswara.
[Advaita-l] Question about Rudra Trishati
It is said that this is the only namavaLi form of addressing the Lord in all of the Vedas. It is a part of the mahanyaasam as well. Students of Sri Rudram practice the trishati after mastering the Sri Rudram. The Trishati archana is also done during pradosha worship of Sri Shiva. Please send corrections to sanskrit cheerful. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read Free For 30 Days.
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Shri Rudra Trishati