Mahalwari system , one of the three main revenue systems of land tenure in British India , the other two being the zamindar landlord and the ryotwari individual cultivator. The word mahalwari is derived from the Hindi mahal , meaning a house or, by extension, a district. If a zamindar held the whole estate, the settlement was with him; otherwise, payment was exacted from individual cultivators. Mahalwari system.
|Published (Last):||7 October 2011|
|PDF File Size:||15.29 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.43 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Mahalwari system , one of the three main revenue systems of land tenure in British India , the other two being the zamindar landlord and the ryotwari individual cultivator. The word mahalwari is derived from the Hindi mahal , meaning a house or, by extension, a district.
If a zamindar held the whole estate, the settlement was with him; otherwise, payment was exacted from individual cultivators. Mahalwari system. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. This article was most recently revised and updated by Maren Goldberg , Assistant Editor. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: zamindar. The root words are Persian, and the resulting name was widely used wherever Persian influence was spread by the Mughals or other Indian Muslim dynasties.
The meanings attached to it were various. In Bengal the word denoted a hereditary…. Taxation, imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. Taxes are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to raise revenue for government expenditures, although they serve other purposes as well. This article is concerned with taxation in general, its…. India, country that occupies the greater part of South Asia. Its government is a constitutional republic that represents a highly diverse population consisting….
History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
At the time of independence, there were three major types of land tenure systems prevailing in the country. The basic difference in these systems was regarding the mode of payment of land revenue. The Zamindars were made responsible for the collection of the rent. It was later extended to Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. The responsibility of collecting and depositing the rent lied with the village headmen. There exist no intermediaries between the government and the individual cultivator. The Mahalwari system is found to be less exploitative than the Zamindari system.
The Mahalwari system was introduced by Holt Mackenzie in During the s, the British tried to establish their control over the administrative machinery of India. The System of Land Revenue acted as a chief source of income of the British. Land was one of the most important source of income for the British. Thus, they used land to control the entire Revenue system, strengthening their economic condition in India. The word "Mahalwari" is derived from the Hindi word Mahal , which means house, district, neighbourhood or quarter.