LA ARAUCANA DE ALONSO DE ERCILLA Y ZUIGA PDF

Alonso de Ercilla was born in Madrid on Aug. Ercilla practically grew up in the royal household and was a companion of Prince Philip on his early travels, including the journey to London in to wed Mary Tudor , Queen of England. News of events in faraway Peru stirred Ercilla's spirit of adventure, and he left Europe for America, arriving in Lima on July 6, He joined the expedition to Chile headed by the Peruvian viceroy's youthful son, Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, and participated in the warfare of the Spaniards against the natives of that remote land.

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Alonso de Ercilla was born in Madrid on Aug. Ercilla practically grew up in the royal household and was a companion of Prince Philip on his early travels, including the journey to London in to wed Mary Tudor, Queen of England. News of events in faraway Peru stirred Ercilla's spirit of adventure, and he left Europe for America, arriving in Lima on July 6, He joined the expedition to Chile headed by the Peruvian viceroy's youthful son, Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, and participated in the warfare of the Spaniards against the natives of that remote land.

On scraps of paper in the lulls of fighting, Ercilla jotted down versified octaves about the events of the war and his own part in it. These stanzas he later gathered together and augmented in number to form his epic La Araucana, in three parts and 37 cantos.

It was the first poem of its kind written by a participant in the course of the events narrated and the first to immortalize the beginnings of a modern country. In the minds of the Chilean people La Araucana is a kind of Iliad that exalts the heroism, pride, and contempt of pain and death of these legendary Araucanian leaders and makes them national heroes today. Ercilla thus initiated the concept of the "noble savage," destined to have wide literary currency in European literature 2 centuries later.

He had, in fact, created a historical poem of the war in Chile which immediately inspired many imitations. After Ercilla's return to Spain in , he made several diplomatic journeys to Austria, where his mother was a maid of honor at the imperial court, and also to Rome.

He had published the first part of La Araucana in , and its popularity led to the composition and publication of the second part in and the third part in Ercilla's later years were saddened by the loss of his only son, and his own death occurred in Madrid on Nov.

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Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga Facts

While in Chile —63 he fought against the Araucanians Mapuche , and there he began the epic poem La Araucana , considered one of the greatest Spanish historical poems. It tells of the courageous insurrection of the Araucanians and also relates the history of Chile and of contemporary Spain. Ercilla was born into a Basque noble family. Ercilla received a very thorough education, for, besides having the most learned teachers, he enjoyed the advantages of very extensive travelling and of living at court where he came in contact with high personages. When he was only fifteen he accompanied Philip through Italy and Germany; and their travels lasted three years. Later, Ercilla accompanied his mother to Bohemia where he left her and then visited Austria, Hungary, and other countries. Returning to Spain, he soon started out again with Philip.

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Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga

Alonso de Ercilla was born in Madrid on Aug. Ercilla practically grew up in the royal household and was a companion of Prince Philip on his early travels, including the journey to London in to wed Mary Tudor, Queen of England. News of events in faraway Peru stirred Ercilla's spirit of adventure, and he left Europe for America, arriving in Lima on July 6, He joined the expedition to Chile headed by the Peruvian viceroy's youthful son, Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, and participated in the warfare of the Spaniards against the natives of that remote land. On scraps of paper in the lulls of fighting, Ercilla jotted down versified octaves about the events of the war and his own part in it. These stanzas he later gathered together and augmented in number to form his epic La Araucana, in three parts and 37 cantos.

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