This page book was originally published in ; the edition below includes Herbert's 'Postscript. Added Nov. Added July 5, annotated and nicely formatted page pdf version by Arun Chandra, music composer and performer at Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, originally posted in THIS essay examines the idea of tolerance in our advanced industrial society. The conclusion reached is that the realization of the objective of tolerance would call for intolerance toward prevailing policies, attitudes, opinions, and the extension of tolerance to policies, attitudes, and opinions which are outlawed or suppressed. In other words, today tolerance appears again as what it was in its origins, at the beginning of the modern period--a partisan goal, a subversive liberating notion and practice.
|Published (Last):||23 July 2015|
|PDF File Size:||3.23 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.88 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The book has been described as "peculiar" by commentators, and its authors have been criticized for advocating intolerance and the suppression of dissenting opinions. The book includes a foreword jointly written by its authors,  and three other contributions, "Beyond Tolerance" by Robert Paul Wolff,  "Tolerance and the Scientific Outlook" by Barrington Moore Jr.
The authors explain that the book's title refers to the philosopher Immanuel Kant 's Critique of Pure Reason , and suggest that their ideas may resemble those of Kant. They note that they have different perspectives on philosophy , with Wolff accepting, and Marcuse opposing, the approach of analytic philosophy , and Moore being critical of philosophy in general. They write that the purpose of the book is to discuss the political role of tolerance and that despite their disagreements with each other they believe that "the prevailing theory and practice of tolerance" is hypocritical and conceals "appalling political realities.
Wolff argues that tolerance should be studied "by means of an analysis of the theory and practice of democratic pluralism. Marcuse argues that "the realization of the objective of tolerance" requires "intolerance toward prevailing policies, attitudes, opinions, and the extension of tolerance to policies, attitudes, and opinions which are outlawed or suppressed.
In , it was published as a Beacon Paperback. Del Grosso Destreri in Studi di Sociologia. Glazer described the book as "peculiar". He credited Marcuse with being open in his advocacy of intolerance, but accused Wolff of being incapable of distinguishing "facts from theory" in his criticisms of tolerance and pluralist democracy. He disagreed with Wolff's view that "The application of the theory of pluralism always favors the groups in existence against those in formation", maintaining that it was contradicted by many historical examples, including the civil rights movement of the s, and described his views as "politically naive.
He considered it fortunate that "the means by which he might impose his opinions are not terribly impressive.
Cranston commented that it was published, "in a peculiar format, bound in black like a prayer book or missal and perhaps designed to compete with The Thoughts of Chairman Mao as devotional reading at student sit-ins. He accused Marcuse of having "taken over from liberal and right-wing critics of the European revolutionary tradition a theory which they falsely ascribed to the left, but which was rarely held until Marcuse espoused it.
He stated that Marcuse's case against tolerance made those radicals who espouse it "allies of the very forces which they claim to attack. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
October Bayer, Ronald Princeton: Princeton University Press. In Cranston, Maurice ed. The New Left. London: The Bodley Head. London: Fontana.
Cover of the first edition. Tolerance Freedom of speech. Print Hardcover and Paperback.
Repressive Tolerance (full text)
Herbert Marcuse in A German-American philosopher, social theorist, critical theorist, and political theorist, Marcuse was a prominent member of the German Frankfurt School before fleeing from the Third Reich and moving to the United States. For Marcuse, reform of such a system is impossible because reforms operate on the same ideological terrain that produces this catastrophe; reform would simply reproduce the aforementioned crisis. Instead, Marcuse, in Aristotelian fashion, advocates a total revolution against the one-dimensional thinking that capitalist society introjects.
Following G. Hegel , however, Marcuse insisted that the meaning and logic of ideas, concepts, and principles cannot be determined abstractly, but instead are dialectically conditioned by the totality of the historical epoch in which they are practiced. And, following Sigmund Freud , Marcuse conceded that, in any civilized society, intractable conflicts would necessitate the suppression of important human desires. The practice of a liberating tolerance was the only hope for its restoration. Driven as they are by the engines of advertising, propaganda, and militarism in the service of ever-increasing affluence, advanced liberal capitalist societies are defined by their inequality.