Access options available:. Kittler, who studied literature in Freiburg, has been influential since the late seventies in bringing a blend of poststructuralist thought, summed up in the writings of Derrida, Foucault, and Lacan, to German universities and thereby displacing a Gadamer-informed hermeneutics with a discourse analytical approach in literary studies. As the title of a volume edited by Kittler, Die Austreibung des Geistes aus den Geisteswissenschaften , illustrates, his concern is to restore to the humanities, and especially to the philologies, a theoretical basis in a culture in which literature can be seen as one function among many of communication technologies. Yet despite being itself a product of print technologies, literary studies neglect the aspect of literature summed up as data processing, privileging instead a hermeneutical meaning or a sociological reflection on the conditions of production. The rise of the technological recording media around marks a caesura within literary studies.
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Friedrich A. Kittler June 12, — October 18, was a literary scholar and a media theorist. His works relate to media , technology , and the military. Friedrich Adolf Kittler was born in in Rochlitz in Saxony. His family fled with him to West Germany in , where from to he went to a natural sciences and modern languages Gymnasium in Lahr in the Black Forest , and thereafter, until , he studied German studies , Romance philology and philosophy at the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg in Freiburg im Breisgau.
During his studies, he was especially influenced by the writings of Jacques Lacan , Michel Foucault and Martin Heidegger. In , Kittler received his doctorate in philosophy after a thesis on the poet Conrad Ferdinand Meyer. Between and he worked as academic assistant at the university's Deutsches Seminar.
Among Kittler's theses was his tendency to argue, with a mixture of polemicism, apocalypticism, erudition, and humor, that technological conditions were closely bound up with epistemology and ontology itself.
Kittler goes one step further by suggesting that, conversely, anything that can't be "switched" can't really "be," at least under current technical conditions. He invoked this doctrine on his deathbed in Dying in a hospital in Berlin and sustained only by medical instruments, his final words were "Alle Apparate ausschalten", which translates as "switch off all apparatuses". Friedrich Kittler is influential in the new approach to media theory that grew popular starting in the s, new media German : technische Medien , which translates roughly to "technical media".
Kittler's central project is to "prove to the human sciences [ Kittler sees an autonomy in technology and therefore disagrees with Marshall McLuhan 's reading of the media as "extensions of man": "Media are not pseudopods for extending the human body. They follow the logic of escalation that leaves us and written history behind it.
Kittler in Geschichte der Kommunikationsmedien. Consequently, he sees in writing literature, in writing programmes and in burning structures into silicon chips a complete continuum: "As we know and simply do not say, no human being writes anymore. The last historic act of writing may thus have been in the late seventies when a team of Intel engineers [plotted] the hardware architecture of their first integrated microprocessor.
In: ders. Technische Schriften. And Kittler is a good friend of mine — I sponsored a chair at the Humboldt University for two years. He is not mainstream. These people will last longer than I will in this book. In 50 years, each of them will be known as people who had been very sensitive to changes of the media. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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ISBN 13: 9783770528813
Friedrich A. Kittler June 12, — October 18, was a literary scholar and a media theorist. His works relate to media , technology , and the military. Friedrich Adolf Kittler was born in in Rochlitz in Saxony.
File:Kittler Friedrich Aufschreibesysteme 1800 1900.pdf
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