DHAMMASANGANI ENGLISH PDF

Join us weekly for live Dhamma Story Time sessions. Vipassana , which means to see things as they really are, is one of India's most ancient techniques of meditation. More information about Vipassana as taught by S. Goenka is available at www. The tag Vipassana identifies products that are directly related to this tradition and differentiates them from other Theravada resources available on our site.

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Editor's note: There are currently no translations from the Abhidhamma at Access to Insight. The seven books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka, the third division of the Tipitaka , offer an extraordinarily detailed analysis of the basic natural principles that govern mental and physical processes.

Whereas the Sutta and Vinaya Pitakas lay out the practical aspects of the Buddhist path to Awakening, the Abhidhamma Pitaka provides a theoretical framework to explain the causal underpinnings of that very path. In Abhidhamma philosophy the familiar psycho-physical universe our world of "trees" and "rocks," "I" and "you" is distilled to its essence: an intricate web of impersonal phenomena and processes unfolding at an inconceivably rapid pace from moment to moment, according to precisely defined natural laws.

According to tradition, the essence of the Abhidhamma was formulated by the Buddha during the fourth week after his Enlightenment.

Sariputta the essence of what he had just taught. Although parts of the Abhidhamma were recited at the earlier Buddhist Councils, it wasn't until the Third Council ca. Despite its relatively late entrance into the Canon, the Abhidhamma stands as an essential pillar of classical Theravada Buddhist thought. Its significance does, however, vary considerably across regional and cultural boundaries.

In Thai Buddhism, for example, the Abhidhamma and, for that matter, many of the Commentaries as well play a relatively minor role in Buddhist doctrine and practice.

The modern Burmese approach to the teaching and practice of Satipatthana meditation, in particular, relies heavily on an Abhidhammic interpretation of meditative experience.

Regardless of the Abhidhamma's position on the shelf of Buddhist canonical texts, the astonishing detail with which it methodically constructs a quasi-scientific model of mind enough, by far, to make a modern systems theorist or cognitive scientist gasp in awe , insures its place in history as a monumental feat of intellectual genius. The Abhidhamma Pitaka is divided into seven books, although it is the first Dhammasangani and last Patthana that together lay out the essence of Abhidhamma philosophy.

The seven books are:. The Abhidhamma Pitaka has a well-deserved reputation for being dense and difficult reading. The best way to begin studying Abhidhamma is not to dive right into its two key books Dhammasangani and Patthana , but to explore some of the more modern — and readable — commentarial texts. These will help you get oriented to the Abhidhamma's challenging terrain:. The seven books The Abhidhamma Pitaka is divided into seven books, although it is the first Dhammasangani and last Patthana that together lay out the essence of Abhidhamma philosophy.

The seven books are: I. Dhammasangani "Enumeration of Phenomena". This book enumerates all the paramattha dhamma ultimate realities to be found in the world. According to one such enumeration these amount to: 52 cetasikas mental factors , which, arising together in various combination, give rise to any one of Vibhanga "The Book of Treatises". This book continues the analysis of the Dhammasangani, here in the form of a catechism. Dhatukatha "Discussion with Reference to the Elements". A reiteration of the foregoing, in the form of questions and answers.

English translations: Discourse on Elements, translated from the Pali by Ven. Somewhat out of place in the Abhidhamma Pitaka, this book contains descriptions of a number of personality-types. Law Oxford: Pali Text Society , Kathavatthu "Points of Controversy". Another odd inclusion in the Abhidhamma, this book contains questions and answers that were compiled by Moggaliputta Tissa in the 3rd century BCE, in order to help clarify points of controversy that existed between the various "Hinayana" schools of Buddhism at the time.

English translations: Points of Controversy, translated from the Pali by S. Aung and C. Yamaka "The Book of Pairs". This book is a logical analysis of many concepts presented in the earlier books. In the words of Mrs.

Rhys Davids, an eminent 20th century Pali scholar, the ten chapters of the Yamaka amount to little more than "ten valleys of dry bones. Patthana "The Book of Relations". This book, by far the longest single volume in the Tipitaka over 6, pages in the Siamese edition , describes the 24 paccayas, or laws of conditionality, through which the dhammas interact.

These laws, when applied in every possible permutation with the dhammas described in the Dhammasangani, give rise to all knowable experience. Part I of the Tika-patthana section of the Patthana. Part II of the Tika-patthana section of the Patthana. An introduction and guide to the first 12 pages! Supplementary reading The Abhidhamma Pitaka has a well-deserved reputation for being dense and difficult reading.

These will help you get oriented to the Abhidhamma's challenging terrain: The Abhidhamma in Practice , by N. Buddhist Philosophy of Relations, by Ven. Ledi Sayadaw Wheel publication No. An excellent introduction to the Patthana, the most difficult of the Abhidhamma books, which explains each of the 24 conditional relations by which the dhammas interact. Bhikkhu Bodhi, ed. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, This book, an expanded treatment of Ven.

Narada's classic A Manual of Abhidhamma see below , should be required reading for every Abhidhamma student. It gives a remarkably lucid and insightful overview of Abhidhamma philosophy. Even if you read no further than the Introduction , your efforts will be well rewarded. Karunadasa Wheel publication No. The Dhamma Theory is the fundamental principle on which the entire Abhidhamma is based: that all empirical phenomena are made up of a number of elementary constituents — dhammas — the ultimate realities that lie behind manifest phenomena.

This short book offers a good overview of the philosophical and analytical methods used in Abhidhamma. Guide Through the Abhidhamma Pitaka, by Ven. Available online at BuddhaSasana. A classic work that provides an excellent introduction to the essentials of Abhidhamma study.

Notes 1. The Katthavatthu , composed during the Third Council, was the final addition to the Abhidhamma Pitaka. Documents linked from this page may be subject to other restrictions. Last revised for Access to Insight on 30 November

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The seven books

The book begins with a matika Pali for "matrix" , which is a list of classifications of dhammas , variously translated as ideas, phenomena, states, patterns etc. There are 22 3-fold classifications, followed by 2-fold ones according to the abhidhamma method and 42 according to the sutta method. Good in relation to the Universe of Form ruupaavacara-kusala. Good in relation to the Universe of the Formless aruupaavacara-kusala. Thought engaged upon the Higher Ideal lokuttaram citta. On Effect, or Result vipaako : A.

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Dhammasaṅgaṇī

Editor's note: There are currently no translations from the Abhidhamma at Access to Insight. The seven books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka, the third division of the Tipitaka , offer an extraordinarily detailed analysis of the basic natural principles that govern mental and physical processes. Whereas the Sutta and Vinaya Pitakas lay out the practical aspects of the Buddhist path to Awakening, the Abhidhamma Pitaka provides a theoretical framework to explain the causal underpinnings of that very path. In Abhidhamma philosophy the familiar psycho-physical universe our world of "trees" and "rocks," "I" and "you" is distilled to its essence: an intricate web of impersonal phenomena and processes unfolding at an inconceivably rapid pace from moment to moment, according to precisely defined natural laws. According to tradition, the essence of the Abhidhamma was formulated by the Buddha during the fourth week after his Enlightenment. Sariputta the essence of what he had just taught.

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Dhammasangani, Dhammasaṅgaṇī, Dhammasaṅgaṇi, Dhamma-sangaṇi: 3 definitions

Dhammasangani is the first book of Abhidhamma. Dhammasangani begins with a Matika Pali for "matrix" , which is a list of classifications of Dhammas, variously translated as nature,ideas, phenomena, states, patterns etc. There are 22 3-fold classifications, followed by 2-fold ones according to the Abhidhamma method and 42 according to the Sutta discourses. The main body of the book is in four parts, as follows. The first part deals with states of mind, listing and defining factors present in them. The second deals with material phenomena, classifying them numerically, by ones, twos etc. The third part applies the material in the first two to explaining the classifications in the Matika.

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