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The idea was to approach migrations diachronically, from the ancient migrations to the modern era The idea was to approach migrations diachronically, from the ancient migrations to the modern era and the end of the 19th century. The starting point is the assumption that major patterns, as well as social function of migration, did not change substantially over time, despite significant alterations of external factors, technological progress, quantitative volume, as well as changes and acceleration of the rhythm.
As the first Ottoman capital on European soil, Edirne was a place of great importance for diplomats of the Republic of Dubrovnik Ragusa. With the gradual transfer of the political center to Istanbul in the period after its conquest in With the gradual transfer of the political center to Istanbul in the period after its conquest in , Edirne ceased to be the final destination of Ragusan diplomatic missions.
However, it continued to be an important station for diplomats travelling to Istanbul. As a matter of fact, Ottoman sultans often resided in Edirne in ensuing centuries as well, so that Ragusan envoys also tended to dwell in the city, particularly in the second half of the 17th century. Although the 18th century was marked by the gradual disappearance of Ragusan merchants from Balkan towns, Dubrovnik even appointed a vice- consul to Edirne at the end of the century — the first and the last one, because in the French abolished the Republic.
Even though there was no official Ragusan colony in Edirne, as one of the main trade centers of the Balkans, it attracted Ragusans as well as other foreign and domestic merchants. To meet the needs of envoys, the Republic of Dubrovnik maintained a residence in the city from the midth century on, if not already earlier. The existence of the church within the residential complex was in accordance with Ragusan privileges, but contradicted postulates of Islamic law.
This brought about a series of litigations that lasted over a century, ranging from petitions for the church to be repaired to disputes with Jewish neighbors. The dispute over the chapel and residence in Edirne correlated with quarrels Ragusans had in other Balkan colonies with competing local merchants, such as Orthodox Serbs and Bulgarians, Muslims, and co-religious Bosnian Catholics, indicating that the cause of the dispute in Edirne was probably not mere confessional bigotry.
Moreover, the question of the Ragusan church in Edirne throws light on the complex character of Ottoman law. Be it as minor as it may in comparison with the histories of other major religious and ethnic communities of the city, the Ragusan example provides an important if peculiar insight into the complex commercial, social, religious, legal, and diplomatic realities of Edirne. Doi: Pregled povijesti Balkana od Croatian history of the late middle ages.
Publication Date: Publication Name: Vrijeme sazrijevanja, vrijeme razaranja. Hrvatske zemlje u kasnome srednjem vijeku. Povijest Hrvata, sv. Together with European capital and business, thousands of European immigrant Together with European capital and business, thousands of European immigrant workers began to arrive to Istanbul as the major city of the empire in search for work.
Zellich et fils. Zellichs won recognition due to the high quality of their products, and, above all, postcards and posters.
Their crowning achievement was printing of the Ottoman Turkish Lira banknotes in Zellichs received many Ottoman and international awards for their achievements and services, including medals conferred by the Pope, the Persian shah, and the Serbian king.
Transfer of technology into the Ottoman state was one of the most important roles of European immigrants. The Ottoman Empire in the works of eighteenth-century Bosnian Franciscans] more.
This study focuses on eighteenth-century Franciscan chronicles and other writings as narrative sources rich in individual and collective attitudes toward the ruling Muslims and the rival Orthodox Christian Serbs-Vlachs. These works were These works were created in the wartime and postwar atmosphere of religious and ethnic tensions that marked the turbulent border province of Bosnia.
Franciscan attitudes, stereotypes, and prejudices against Others are compared with relevant information from Ottoman documents preserved in the archives of the Franciscan monasteries. On the other hand, they occasionally praised virtuous Muslim friends and righteous dignitaries who provided them assistance in various endeavors. Karateke, H. Faced with Ottoman pressure from the land Bosnia and the sea corsairs , the overall fortification of Dalmatian towns seemed to be the only logical response.
Settlements on the islands, on the other hand, usually did not have elaborated fortification system. In such circumstances, a number of churches as most solid communal buildings underwent a process of fortification, thus becoming church-fortresses. The best examples are preserved on the island of Hvar, an important stop on the maritime route to Venice.
The phenomenon of fortification was not limited only to physical appearance of towns, but had its mental dimension as well. On the one hand, certain prominent inhabitants of Dalmatian towns were among the finest examples of humanist scholars of the time.
In the atmosphere of imminent Ottoman threat, however, some of them became rigid anti-Ottoman and anti-Muslim polemicists. In the time of peace, on the other hand, fortified Dalmatia communicated with the other side, while lucrative commercial relations were connecting irreconcilable neighbors. In such circumstances, not surprisingly, a number of authors adopted different, more nuanced and less biased discourse.
View on matica. Hrvati u gradu na Bosporu. Croatian Immigrants in Istanbul in the Long 19th Century] more. They came initially as diplomatic representatives of the Republic of Ragusa, which was a They came initially as diplomatic representatives of the Republic of Ragusa, which was a vassal of the sultan.
Then, Ragusan merchants, attracted by the lucrative trade with the Levant, settled in the city on the Bosphorus in great numbers. In the 19th century the Republic of Ragusa came to an end. Then, however, with the opening of the Ottoman Empire toward the world economy, new waves of Dalmatians began to arrive in Istanbul in search of work.
Some Croatian immigrants achieved enviable careers and success in various fields, including typography, the tobacco industry, cartography, health and social care, as well as pastoral care for the Catholics of Istanbul. During the 20th century, the number of Croatians in Istanbul started to decline. Today, in this Eastern Mediterranean megapolis half a dozen Croatian families remain. Tijekom Publication Name: Hrvatska revija [Croatian Review], 13, 4 Hrvatske zemlje u Croatian lands in the 18th century] more.
More Info: Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 18th century. Islamic Law and Ottoman History. Bosanski franjevci i njihovi predstavnici na osmanskoj Porti [Bosnian Franciscans and their representatives at the Ottoman Porte] more. More Info: Prilozi za orijentalnu filologiju, 60 , Publisher: bib.
More Info: Bosna Franciscana 17, 31 , pp. Srednjovjekovne percepcije islama [Medieval Perceptions of Islam] more. More Info: Povijesni prilozi 22 , pp. Publication Date: Publication Name: 2. Foodways in Post- Ottoman Europe. The history of food or acts of cooking, eating and drinking have gained growing attention in the humanities and social sciences in the last decade, elaborating social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions of food and foodways in a The history of food or acts of cooking, eating and drinking have gained growing attention in the humanities and social sciences in the last decade, elaborating social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions of food and foodways in a global context of consumption.
The analysis of foodways, the changing practices related to food production, distribution and consumption, the way food and foodways were imagined and described, serve as a means to better understand the historical entanglement of this area into global flows, the local appropriation of new foodstuffs and recipes, the imagination of exclusive possession, and the negotiation or maintenance of difference. Turkish Language, Syntax, Turkish texts in Latin script. View on amazon. The Levantines: Commerce and Diplomacy more.
Edited by Axel B. Ottoman History. View on levantineheritage. View on ffzg. Publication Date: Erwin A. Schmidl Die k. Workshops and Conferences.
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