BJP MLA from Bardoli, Ishwar Parmar, said that after he came to know about the significance of June 12 as Bardoli day from Pragnaben Kalarthi, who takes care of Swarajya Ashram and its schools in Bardoli, he spoke to state leadership and decided to celebrate the day by holding an event. Pragnaben Kalarthi, who quit her medical practice to do social work, is granddaughter of Uttam Chand Shah who worked with Sardar Patel during the Bardoli Satyagraha. Cabinet ministers Ganpat Vasawa and Jayesh Radadiya are also likely to attend the event. Click here to join our channel indianexpress and stay updated with the latest headlines. Follow live updates on Coronavirus pandemic 'Real hero': Amid cyclone, Mumbai cop donates blood for year-old, saves her life Covid vaccine latest update: Brazil approves Oxford vaccine trials; Moderna to start final phase in July Despite Govt's big MSME push, entrepreneurs are guarded in their optimism.
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And littleness united Is become inevitable. The Bardoli satyagraha, where ordinary peasants of this taluq in Surat district, with just villages spread over almost square km and a populace of barely 87,, converted — for several months — villages into unending landscapes of desolation during the days, while transforming these into arenas of hectic political mobilisation post-sundown, was the agitation that unequivocally paved the way for the Dandi March.
At the roots of the Bardoli satyagraha lay the cold truth that the principal concern of the colonial government was not to improve socio-economic conditions of the people, but to find the means of increasing tax collection to fill its coffers.
The advice was given on the following basis: a railway line had come up in the Tapti River Valley since , there had been an increase in milch cattle and bullock carts, pucca houses indicating greater prosperity. Additionally, the report claimed, the condition of the kaliparaj dark people or backward community who were either landless labourers or trapped in debt bondage, had improved.
Moreover, educational facilities were more widespread. The PCS officer also argued that agri and land prices had risen appreciably. In time, the way the Bardoli Satyagraha unfolded and the impact it had on nationalist politics, showed that bureaucratic reading of the situation on the ground was entirely different from the reality. Agriculturists in Bardoli were aghast at these recommendations because the ground reality was the opposite of what the officer had cited while preparing his report.
This attempt on part of the imperial government may have been quietly accepted by the affected agriculturists in most provinces but not in Bardoli for two principal reasons. First, Bombay taluq was a Ryotwari whereby peasant proprietors held land directly under government and accordingly paid the tax fixed after various surveys. Second, Bardoli had been chosen by Gandhi as the place where he would launch the civil disobedience movement in but this had to be abandoned after the Chauri Chaura incident.
Despite this clear setback, the Congress did not abandon political engagement with the people of the region and its local leaders continued politicising the people.
Social reform and political activism became a way of life and this was the reason why the recommendation to enhance land revenue was opposed by people. A campaign in the nationalist press began thereafter, most importantly in the Gandhi-published and edited paper, Young India. It declared in July that the tax was not being collected on the basis of agri prices but on the statistical conclusion of lease and rentals calculated purely by talaatis or junior revenue officials.
Credit: Wikimedia Commons. After the peasants decided to withhold tax payment and when the government appeared to see no reason in the dialogue that moderates in the nationalists groups were engaging in with government representatives, they decided to seek the assistance of Sardar Patel who had past experiences in leading the Nagpur, Kheda and Borsad satyagrahas.
He heard them out but asked them if they were prepared to face the consequences. He cautioned them:. Do not derive comfort from the feeling that you have as your leader a fighter like myself. Forget me and forget my companions. Fight, if you feel that you must resist oppression and injustice. Do not take the plunge lightly. If you miserably fail, you will not rise again for several years.
But if you succeed, you will have done much to lay the foundations of Swaraj. Patel accepted the presidentship of the conference of farmers held in Bardoli on February 4, , a day before the first instalment of the enhanced tax was due. He wrote to the Governor but secured no immediate response.
Meanwhile, the last or the final date for paying tax loomed ahead on February 15, after which the local officials would be free to seize land and cattle and sell these if they decided. Another conference or meeting of the agriculturalists of Bardoli taluq on February 12 reiterated the decision not to pay the revised assessment and instead demanded that either the government appoint an independent tribunal for a fresh assessment or it must accept the previous amount as the full payment.
After a resolution affirming these decisions was adopted, the farmers recited portions from the Quran , Ramayana and sang other Hindu hymns. Oaths were taken by people in the name of prabhu and khuda. By repeatedly asking people if they were willing to face hardships and face the brunt of colonial anger and not be dependent on just a leadership, Patel made the Bardoli satyagraha more participative.
The people became stakeholders in the agitation by this strategy. It is true that when the government targeted the most vulnerable Bania moneylenders, some of them succumbed and paid the tax. But, the movement remained united. Officials found no bullock carts or any other means of travel within the taluq after deboarding from trains at the Bardoli railway station. People shut themselves inside dingy homes with their cattle for fear of being arrested or seized.
But because the law prevented these arrests or attachment of property after sundown, people got active at night. Patel had also organised the satyagrahis on military lines and personally took on the role of a senapati commander. He set up an elaborate publicity department which underscored the value of information dissemination. When officials passed through villages, women peered through window panes but did not respond to their instructions to come out.
So total was the satyagraha that the newspaper Times of India , then British-owned, ran a report proclaiming that Patel had instituted a Bolshevik regime in Bardoli and Patel was its Lenin.
The Bardoli Satyagraha became a talking point in the country and people discussed the agitation everywhere, even in passenger trains criss-crossing India. Aware of the interest in the Bardoli Satyagraha and understanding that its success could galvanise people in other parts of the country, Patel, in consultation with Gandhi, who was involved with every decision that Patel took on the agitation, decided to seek funds from people outside Bardoli.
June 12 was chosen as the day for solidarity meetings and fund-raising and has since been celebrated as Bardoli Day. Yet, when Patel met the Governor, he insisted that the tax must be paid in full as per the new assessment.
The government was running out of steam and wilting under the power of the satyagrahis. This later recommended and increase of 5. Those who resigned government jobs in solidarity with the satyagrahis were reinstated and the Bardoli Satyagraha became an acclaimed success. Guided by Gandhi and led by Patel, the Indian peasantry demonstrated that with truth on their side and with patience and restraint as their weapons, they were a potent force which even the mightiest empire failed to subdue.
The Bardoli Satyagraha was a turning point in the Indian nationalist struggle and, as Subhash Chandra Bose pre-judged, it was a precursor to a larger battle that Gandhi would wage. External Affairs.
Bardoli peasants campaign against the Government of Bombay, 1928
And littleness united Is become inevitable. The Bardoli satyagraha, where ordinary peasants of this taluq in Surat district, with just villages spread over almost square km and a populace of barely 87,, converted — for several months — villages into unending landscapes of desolation during the days, while transforming these into arenas of hectic political mobilisation post-sundown, was the agitation that unequivocally paved the way for the Dandi March. At the roots of the Bardoli satyagraha lay the cold truth that the principal concern of the colonial government was not to improve socio-economic conditions of the people, but to find the means of increasing tax collection to fill its coffers. The advice was given on the following basis: a railway line had come up in the Tapti River Valley since , there had been an increase in milch cattle and bullock carts, pucca houses indicating greater prosperity.
The infrastructure of the groups survived and constituted an active social force. The campaign witnessed an expansion in membership and partnerships. The entire taluka finally participated and the campaign became known nationally, with support coming from outside Bardoli as well. The Bombay Government through its Revenue Department had, in , enhanced the land revenue assessment in the Bardoli taluka county by a nominal 22 percent, which, when applied, amounted in some cases to as much as 60 percent enhancement.
NCERT Notes: Bardoli Satyagraha
BJP to celebrate Bardoli Day — farmers’ stir that was led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel