In our culture it is often found that the forces of nature themselves as deities are worshipped like the wind, the water, the earth, the fire and so on. One among these deities is Surya , the presiding deity of our Sun, also known as Aditya due to his being the son of Aditi , who is worshipped as the sustainer of life on earth. Our culture has given prime importance to worship of the Sun through the practice of Sandhyavandana , the ritual to be performed by all Dvijas wearers of the sacred thread, lit. Another important hymn to the Sun-God is the Aditya Hrudayam , the subject of this article. This is a Stotram , or a sacred hymn, dedicated to Lord Aditya. During the final between Rama and Ravana in Ramayana.
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When Rama was exhausted in battle field standing with greater sorrow and deep thought to fight against Ravana who was duly prepared for the battle, Agastya observed that.
Sage Agastya approached Rama and spoke as follows: dear Rama there is a solution for your worry which is a perennial secret, by reciting it you would be victorious in this war. This is the holy hymn Aditya Hrudayam which destroys all enemies and brings you victory and permanent happiness by chanting it always.
This supreme prayer of Sun God always gives happiness, destroys all sins, worries and increase the longevity of life. Worship the Sun God, the ruler of the worlds and lord of the universe, who is worshipped by devas and asuras and who is worshipped by every one of the universe. He has within him all the devas and He is the brightest among the bright, He is self-luminous and sustains all worlds of Devas and Asuras with his rays.
He is pervading in all viz. He is the manes ancestors ; He is the eight Vasus viz. He is the God Sadhya, Ashwini devatas Gods of health.
He is the maruths who are responsible for breeze, He is the wind God, He is the fire God, and he is the Manu, Vayu the wind God , Agni the fire God , Prana the Life breath of all beings , the maker of six seasons and the giver of light. He is the son of Adithi, Savitha bright , Soorya supreme light , Khaga bird, travels on the sky, , feeds the world by rain, gabhastiman possessed of rays Golden colored beautiful, wise , always shining, he is the creator, day starts with him.
He has green horses green is a symbol of victory. He has thousands of rays infinite , he is dispeller of darkness. He has seven horses symbol of seven lokas. He removes sufferings and gives a pleasant life. He pervades all with immeasurable amount of rays. He is golden source knowledge, prosperity. He who cools down world from his rain minds of devotees. He who bestows heat. He is the illuminator source of light. He who is praised by everyone. He who has fire within himself. He who is the son of Adhithi and Kashyapa.
He who merges at night and become cool, destroyer of the cold, snow and fog. He is the lord of the space and ruler of the sky, dispeller of darkness, master of the three Vedas viz. Salutations to him who is the Lord of stars, planets and zodiac, and the origin of everything in the universe. Salutations to Aditya who appears in twelve forms viz.
Salutations to the Lord who rises from the mounts of east and sets on mounts of west, Salutations to the Lord of the stellar bodies and to the Lord of daylight. Pray him who has green horses and the bestower of victory, auspiciousness and prosperity. He has thousand rays and who has power to attract all towards him. Salutations to him who is terrible and fierce one to the sinners, to him who is the hero controlled senses ; one who travels fast, Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom.
Salutations to the son of Mrukanda Maharshi. Salutation to Him who is the inspiration to Trimurtis Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesha and inspiration to all creatures, salutation to who is fierce like Rudra at the end of the creation. Salutations to the dispeller of the darkness ignorance and cold snow , who is fearful to bad people, Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe.
Salutations to Him, Who is the color of molten gold and the form of fire, one who burns all, dispeller of darkness, adorable from all and Salutations to Vishvakarma the architect of the universe, the cause of all activity and creation in the world, yet beyond the world.
Salutation to the Sun God who is able to destroyer all with his rays and then create them again, he can be the producer of rain and also a showered of wisdom as well.
The lord Sun God is always awake and abides in the heart of all beings and awake them, he is only the sacrifice and fruit of the sacrifice performed by Yajna. Behind the all Vedas, Yagas and fruits of all yagas and results of all actions of the world is Sun God only, he is the omnipresent. Oh Raghava, one who chant this prayer in any critical situation viz. Do worship Adity by chanting this prayer with even minded.
If you chant three times for sure you will be the conquer of this battle. Agastya Maharshi says to Rama that "you would kill Ravana within a moment," and left that battlefield, Agastya had come to Rama to teach this holy hymn of Son God.
With the grace of Gods he encourages Rama with his meditation power. Hearing the holy words of Agasthya with even minded Rama became rejuvenated and came out of momentary fearful situation; his clouds of worry got dispelled, with enthusiastically started chanting the prayer of Son God. Himself being purified concentrated on Sun God; Rama recited the prayer thrice with achamana sipping water then thrilled and lifted his holy bow. Rama facing Ravana with the greater spirit who was coming to fight with his all effort determined to kill Ravana.
Then Aditya surrounded with all Gods appears and blesses Rama with great mental and physical strength and ordered to kill Ravana.
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Aditya Hridayam - In sanskrit with meaning
After chanting this Hymn three times Sri Rama defeated Ravana. The Aditya Hridayam, is a hymn in glorification of the Sun or Surya and was recited by the great sage Agastya to Lord Rama on the battlefield before fighting with Ravana. This historic hymn starts at the beginning of the Battle with Ravana, when Lord Rama is fatigued and getting ready to fight. The mystical hymn is dircted to the Sun God, the illustrious lord of all victories.
Aditya Hrudayam Stotram Meaning Explained
I salute thee who art the western mountain. I salute thee who art the Lord of all the luminous bodies. I salute thee who art the Lord of days. I respectfully salute thee who art Jaya, Jayabhadra, Haryas'va, O Thou who hast a thousand rays, I repeatedly salute thee. I salute thee who openest the lotuses or the lotus of the heart. I salute thee who art furious.